Volume 39, No 1, 2017, Pages 1–8

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Fabrication of LM25/SiO2 Metal Matrix Composite and Optimization of Wear Process Parameters Using Design of Experiment


N. Radhika*

DOI: 10.24874/ti.2017.39.01.01


LM25 aluminium alloy reinforced with 15 wt% SiO2 metal matrix composite was fabricated by liquid metallurgy technique. Microstructure of the fabricated composite specimen was observed using inverted metallurgical microscope and result showed uniform distribution of reinforcement particles in the matrix. The dry sliding wear behaviour of LM25/SiO2 composite was analyzed by conducting experiments using pin-on-disc tribometer. Taguchi’s method was used for designing the number of experiments and L16 orthogonal array was developed for wear analysis. Optimization of parameters like applied load (10 N, 20 N, 30 N, 40 N), sliding velocity (0.5 m/s, 1 m/s, 1.5 m/s, 2 m/s) and sliding distance (500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m, 2000 m) was done using Signal-to-Noise ratio analysis and Analysis of Variance. ‘smaller-the-better’ characteristic was chosen to analyze the dry sliding wear behaviour. Results found that load (69.17 %) had the highest impact on wear rate followed by sliding velocity (18.04 %) and sliding distance (1.5 %). The regression equation was developed and it was validated with confirmatory experiment. Scanning Electron Microscope analysis was done to observe the mechanism of the worn out composite specimen and found more delamination at the load of 40 N.


Metal Matrix Composite, Dry sliding wear, Analysis of variance, Regression analysis, Scanning electron microscope

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