Volume 44, No 4, 2022, Pages 584-591

Download full text in PDF

Tribological Properties of Aqueous Carboxymethyl Cellulose/Uncaria Gambir Extract as Novel Anti-Corrosion Water-Based Lubricant


Dieter Rahmadiawan , Zahrul Fuadi ,
Rudi Kurniawan , Hairul Abral , Febrian Ilhamsyah ,
Andril Arafat , Rifelino , Budi Syahri , Eko Indrawan

DOI: 10.24874/ti.1357.08.22.10

Received: 20 August 2022
Revised: 2 September 2022
Accepted: 5 October 2022
Published: 15 December 2022


In this work, a novel anti-corrosion water-based lubricant is prepared. Carboxymethyl cellulose and Uncaria Gambir Extract, all in powder form, were dispersed in water. Corrosion, stability, and tribology test with pin-on-disk reciprocating tribometer were studied. The newly obtained lubricants were designated as Uncaria Gambir (UG), i.e. UG0 (0% volume Uncaria Gambir extract in Carboxymethyl cellulose, UG1 (1% volume Uncaria Gambir extract in Carboxymethyl cellulose, and UG2 (2% volume Uncaria Gambir extract in Carboxymethyl cellulose). The addition of Uncaria Gambir Extract into Carboxymethyl cellulose solution delivered good stability, low corrosion rate, and stable friction coefficient. UG1 has the best stability (no sedimentation), corrosion, and tribological performance. After a one-hour friction test, UG2 showed the best performance in terms of CoF, indicated by a 7.6% CoF reduction, compared to UG0. This finding indicates the potential of Uncaria Gambir Extract as an additive for an anti-corrosive water-based lubricant for machining application.


Uncaria Gambir, Water-based lubricant, Anti-corrosion, Friction

Latest issue


Volume 44
Number 4
December 2022

Crossref logo


TiI news RSS 2.0

Table of contents

18th International Conference on Tribology
17 19 May 2023
Kragujevac, Serbia