Volume 44, No 4, 2022, Pages 599-607

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Experimental Investigation on Roughness Parameters of 42CrMo4 Steel Surface During Nitrocarburizing Treatment


Elhadj Ghelloudj , Mohamed Tahar Hannachi ,
Hamid Djebaili

DOI: 10.24874/ti.1304.05.22.10

Received: 16 May 2022
Revised: 23 June 2022
Accepted: 1 October 2022
Published: 15 December 2022


To evaluate the performance characteristics of various surfaces, a detailed and precise description of the surface's micro-geometry properties is required. In this context, roughness is a reliable indicator of the possible behavior of mechanical piece performance, since distortions on the surface can form a direct cause for cracks or corrosion. As a result, characterization of surface roughness is very important for zero-defect fabrication. This paper investigates the 2D roughness parameters of a 42CrMo4 steel surface before and after nitrocarburizing treatment. The latter was accomplished at 580 C for 10 hours in a salt bath containing sodium cyanates and potassium carbonates. A surface profilometer was used to analyze the influence of nitrocarburizing treatment on the material's surface roughness parameters behavior. The parameters that comprehensively describes the surface structure, namely the amplitude, spacing, hybrid parameters, and material ratio parameters were highlighted. The results of the experiments indicated that the nitrocarburizing treatment was effective in increasing almost all the 2D roughness parameters of the 42CrMo4 steel surface.


Roughness parameters, 42CrMo4 steel, Nitrocarburizing treatment, Surface profilometer, Amplitude, Spacing, Hybrid, Material ratio

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Volume 44
Number 4
December 2022

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18th International Conference on Tribology
17 19 May 2023
Kragujevac, Serbia