Volume 46, No 1, 2024, Pages 13-28

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Study of the Influence of Coating Roughness on the Properties and Wear Resistance of Electrospark Deposited Ti6Al4V Titanium Alloy


Todor Penyashki , Georgi Kostadinov ,
Mara Kandeva , Antonio Nikolov , Rayna Dimitrova , Valentin Kamburov , Pancho Danailov ,
Snezhan Bozhkov

DOI: 10.24874/ti.1508.06.23.08

Received: 30 June 2023
Revised: 28 July 2023
Accepted: 15 August 2023
Published: 15 March 2024


The present work is concerned with studying surface parameters of coatings deposited to titanium alloy Ti6Al4V by electrospark deposition (ESD) with hard alloy depositing electrodes based on WC, TiC and TiCN. The variation of roughness parameters, composition, structure and tribological characteristics of coatings as a function of ESD mode parameters was investigated. The influence of the mode parameters on the main coating roughness parameters (Ra, Rz, Rmax, Rpk, Rk, Rs, Rsk, Rku (ISO 21920-2:2021) was analysed, the values of which can be used to determine the load bearing capacity and wear resistance. The results of the tribological tests showed that within the test range, the roughness of the coatings has a controversial influence on their frictional wear performance. As the roughness parameters increase to Ra=3¸3.5 Ám, the relative wear resistance of the coated surfaces also increases, reaching values up to 4¸5 Ám for the electrodes used and no significant changes in the wear mechanism were observed. However, increasing coating roughness above Ra=3.5 to 5 Ám results in a monotonic decrease in relative wear resistance to 2.5¸3 times. Possible ways to reduce the surface roughness and increase the wear resistance of coatings were presented.


Electrospark deposition, Coatings, Surface roughness, Microhardness, Wear resistance

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Volume 46
Number 1
March 2024

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